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Farm Equipment Upgrade Screening Tool  
Are you operating older diesel tractors,
 harvesters and other farm equipment?
 
 
Use this screening tool to assess options to modernize your equipment  
Save Energy, Reduce Operating Costs, and Reduce Pollution  
  This easy-to-use  tool takes just a few minutes to use.
Just enter some basic information - you will get valuable results that will
help you manage your fleet and select the best upgrade options!
   
     
     
       
Sponsored by the Agricultural Commissioner's Offices  
 of Monterey County, Santa Cruz County, and San Benito County  
Funded by the Monterey Bay Unified APCD  
©2012 Direct Path Strategies, Inc., Goleta, CA  
info@DPStrategies.com  
   
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  → Using the Tool    
       
  → Enter Equipment Information    
   
   
                                         
  Farm Equipment Upgrade Screening Tool  
  Using the Tool  
  You should have the following information available about your equipment:  
    Horsepower of the Engine    
    The year the engine was manufactured    
    Approximate hours each year the equipment is used    
  This screening tool can be used for tractors, harvesters, pumps and other farm equipment,
 with horsepower ranging from 25 to 500.
 
  Here are the upgrade options examined (click on an option for more information):  
    → Equipment Replacement - Purchase new equipment to replace the old equipment  
    → Engine Repower - Replace the existing engine with a low-emissions engine    
    → Filter Retrofit - Install a diesel exhaust filter  
    → Biodiesel - Use a Biodiesel/Diesel fuel blend    
    → Fuel Savings Agricultural Practices  
         
 
Need to know more about your equipment upgrade options? 
 
  Call Direct Path Strategies, Inc. at (805) 705-1324 or email info@DPstrategies.com  
  We can help you select the most cost effective upgrade options, analyze your farm energy use,
 and recommend profitable fuel saving and renewable energy measures.

 
         
    → Enter Equipment Information   → Back to Introduction    
      ©2012 Direct Path Strategies, Inc., Goleta, CA    
 
     
  Farm Equipment Upgrade Screening Tool  
  Information on Upgrade Options  
     
  → Back to Using the Tool → Step 1

Questions You Can Answer with this Tool:
     
  Should I purchase new equipment or repower my existing equipment?    
  How much air pollution can I eliminate by upgrading my equipment?    
  Does the upgrade qualify for an air quality grant?    
  How do the upgrade costs compare to my annual maintenance costs?     
  Which emissions Tier engine should I use and how much fuel can I save?  
 
  Purchasing New Equipment with a Tier 3 or 4 Engine to Replace Your Existing Equipment  
  By replacing your older equipment with low emissions equipment you can modernize your fleet and significantly reduce exhaust emissions. You may also qualify for grant funding, prepare for any future requirements, and can often reduce fuel and maintenance costs. For this upgrade option you can specify the desired horsepower of the new equipment and the estimated purchase price.   
       
  Replace Your Existing Engine with a Tier 2 or Tier 3 Engine  
  By replacing an older engine with a low emissions engine you significantly reduce exhaust emissions. You may also qualify for grant funding and reduce fuel and maintenance costs. For this upgrade option you can specify the desired horsepower of the new engine and the estimated price to purchase and install the new engine.   
     
  Install a Diesel Exhaust Filter  
  By installing a diesel exhaust filter, such as a Diesel Particulate Filter or Diesel Oxidation Catalyst, you can significantly reduce exhaust emissions. You may also qualify for grant funding and prepare for any future requirements. For this upgrade option you can specify the pollutant control level and the estimated price to purchase and install the new engine.   
       
  Use a Biodiesel Fuel Blend  
  By using a biodiesel fuel blend, such as B20 or B99, you can significantly reduce the equipment's use of fossil fuels and carbon footprint. For this upgrade option you can specify your cost for regular offroad diesel fuel and for the biodiesel fuel.   
     
  Use a Fuel Saving Agricultural Practice  
  By implementing a fuel saving agricultural practice, such as using reduced tillage or GPS navigation, you can reduce your fuel costs and reduce the equipment's exhaust emissions and carbon footprint. For this upgrade option you can specify the type of fuel savings practice, estimated improvement in fuel economy, and cost to implement the fuel savings measure. Grant funding may be available for these practices.

→ Back to Using the Tool → Step 1
 
      ©2012 Direct Path Strategies, Inc., Goleta, CA      
 
     
  Farm Equipment Upgrade Screening Tool
Enter Equipment Information
           
     
       
  Enter this basic information to get started      
        Example    
  Equipment Type - select from list
?
   Agricultural Tractor    
  Equipment Make and Model
?
  John Deere 2755    
  Engine Gross Horsepower (PTO HP x 1.2)
?
   91    
  Year the Engine was Manufactured (YYYY)
?
   1986    
  Engine Emissions Tier (if known) - select from list
?
   0    
  Annual Use of Equipment (hrs/year)
?
   860    
  Owner Unit Number (optional)
?
  T271    
  Equipment Serial Number (optional)
?
   600105    
  Estimated Maintenance Cost (optional) ($/yr)
?
$    $1,650    
             
  → Step 2      
         
  → Back to Using the Tool      
       
  ©2012 Direct Path Strategies, Inc.      
     info@DPStrategies.com      
       
  Farm Equipment Upgrade Screening Tool
Enter Equipment Information
     
   
     
  To improve the quality of the results, you can specify
additional details on each upgrade option
(or just skip this step and default values will be used)
   
    → Skip this Step  
  Purchase New Equipment to Replace the Existing Equipment (Replacement)   Example  
  Horsepower of Engine in the New Equipment (PTO HP x 1.2)
?
  95  
  Purchase Price of New Equipment with Tier 3 Engine ($)
?
$   $38,600  
  Purchase Price of New Equipment with Tier 4-Interim Engine ($)
?
$   $43,500  
  Purchase Price of New Equipment with Tier 4-Final Engine ($)
?
$   $48,500  
         
  Replace the Existing Engine with a New Engine (Engine Repower)        
  Is a Tier 2 or 3 Engine Available for this Equipment
?
  Yes  
  New Engine Horsepower (PTO HP x 1.2)
?
  93  
  Total Cost to Purchase and Install a Tier 2 New Engine ($)
?
$   $29,400  
  Total Cost to Purchase and Install a Tier 3 New Engine ($)
?
$   $31,500  
           
  Install a Diesel Exhaust Filter on the Existing Equipment (Filter Retrofit)        
  PM10 Reduction from Filter (% reduction)
?
  85  
  NOx Reduction from Filter (% reduction)
?
  0  
  ROG Reduction from Filter (% reduction)
?
  0  
  Total Cost to Purchase and Install the Filter ($)
?
$   $14,200  
           
  Step 3   ©2012 Direct Path Strategies, Inc.  
         info@DPStrategies.com  
  → Return to Step 1    
     
  Farm Equipment Upgrade Screening Tool
Enter Equipment Information
         
     
       
  To evaluate the use of Biodiesel and Fuel Saving Practices,
you can provide some additional details below
(or just skip this step and default values will be used)
     
    → Skip this Step    
  Use a Biodiesel/Diesel Fuel Blend     Example  
  Regular Diesel Fuel Cost per Gallon
?
$   $4.00  
  20% Biodiesel Blend Cost per Gallon
?
$   $4.56  
  99% Biodiesel Blend Cost per Gallon
?
$   $4.92    
           
  Fuel Saving Agricultural Practices        
  Type of Fuel Savings Measure - select from list
?
  Low-Tillage  
  Anticipated Improvement in Fuel Economy (%)
?
  15  
  Purchase Cost for Fuel Saving Measure ($)
?
$   $850  
  Annual Operating Cost to Implement the Efficiency Measure ($)
?
$   $450  
       
  → Continue   ©2012 Direct Path Strategies, Inc.      
         info@DPStrategies.com  
  → Return to Step 2
     
  Farm Equipment Upgrade Screening Tool  
  Contact Information  
     
  Provide us a way to contact you if you would like to be notified
about future grant funding and equipment upgrade opportunities.
 
     
  Your Name
?
 
  Company Name
?
 
  Email
?
 
  Phone Number
?
 
  Location (City, State)
?
 
     
  → Show Upgrade Results   ©2012 Direct Path Strategies, Inc.  
       info@DPStrategies.com  
  → Back to Step 3    
     
  Return to Step 1            
FARM EQUIPMENT UPGRADE SCREENING TOOL
Results of Your Equipment Upgrade Screening


  Company and Contact Information Information about the Existing Equipment  
  Company Name   Equipment Type  
  Contact Name   Equipment Make and Model  
  Email     Owner Unit Number  
  Phone     Equipment Serial Number  
  Location     Annual Use of Equipment (hours/year)    
      Estimated Annual Maintenance Cost ($/yr)  
     
    Summary of Upgrade Options
(Click on the Option for Details)
Air Pollution
Percent
Reduction
Air Quality
Benefit
$/Ton
Costs May
Be Grant
Eligible
Est. Costs Require Verification Availability
Requires
Verification
 
  Equipment Purchase - Tier 3 Engine  
  Equipment Purchase - Tier 4-Interim Engine  
  Equipment Purchase - Tier 4-Final Engine  
  Engine Repower - Tier 2 Engine  
  Engine Repower - Tier 3 Engine  
  Diesel Exhaust Filter  
        Percent
Reduction
in Fossil CO2
Greenhouse
Gas Benefit
$/Ton
Est. Annual
Fuel Costs
Increase
Fuel Costs
Requires
Verification
Compatibility
Requires
Verification
 
  Biodiesel Fuel - B20 Blend  
  Biodiesel Fuel - B99 Blend  
      Percent Fuel
Efficiency
Increase
Positive
Annualized
Cash Flow
Annual
Fuel
Savings
Air Pollution
Percent
Reduction
Air Quality
Benefit
$/Ton
 
  Fuel Saving Agricultural Practices  
                   
      ©2012 Direct Path Strategies, Inc.
info@DPStrategies.com
           
     
 
  → Back to Step 1   → Back to Step 2   → Back to Step 3  
 
  Information about the Existing Engine  
  Year Engine was Manufactured    
  Rated Gross Horsepower of Engine    
  Footnotes  
  Information Calculated for the Existing Equipment   #1 #2    
  Engine Emissions Tier     #3    
  Engine Use Load Factor     #4    
  Engine Use in Horsepower-hours     #5    
  Estimated Fuel Use Rate (gal/hour)     #6    
  Estimated Annual Fuel Use (gal/year)     #6    
  Annual NOx/ROG/PM10 emissions (tons/year)   #7    
  Annual CO2 emissions (tons/year)     #8    
  Purchase New Equipment with Tier 3 Engine to Replace the Existing Equipment (Replacement)   #1 #2 #10  
  New Equipment Engine Horsepower      #9    
  New Equipment with Tier 3 Engine Purchase Price ($)     #11    
  Amortized Purchase Price vs. Existing Maint. Cost (%)     #12    
  Reduction in Annual NOx/ROG/PM10 emissions (tons/year)   #7    
  Percent Reduction in Air Emissions     #7    
  Air Quality Cost Effectiveness ($/ton)     #13 #14 #33  
  Return to Top      
     
  Footnotes    
  Purchase New Equipment with Tier 4-Interim Engine to Replace the Existing Equipment (Replacement) #1 #2    
  New Equipment Engine Horsepower      #9    
  New Equipment with Tier 4 Engine Purchase Price ($)     #11    
  Amortized Purchase Price vs. Existing Maint. Cost (%)     #12    
  Reduction in Annual NOx/ROG/PM10 emissions (tons/year)   #7 #18    
  Percent Reduction in Air Emissions     #7    
  Air Quality Cost Effectiveness ($/ton)     #13 #14 #33  
  Purchase New Equipment with Tier 4-Final Engine to Replace the Existing Equipment (Replacement) #1 #2 #15  
  New Equipment Engine Horsepower      #9    
  New Equipment with Tier 4 Engine Purchase Price ($)     #11 #15    
  Amortized Purchase Price vs. Existing Maint. Cost (%)     #12    
  Reduction in Annual NOx/ROG/PM10 emissions (tons/year)   #7    
  Percent Reduction in Air Emissions     #7    
  Air Quality Cost Effectiveness ($/ton)     #13 #14 #33  
  Replace the Existing Engine with a New Engine Tier 2 (Engine Repower)   #1 #2 #16  
  New Engine Horsepower     #9    
  Total Cost to Purchase and Install the New Tier 2 Engine ($)   #17    
  Repower Cost Compared to Equipment Replacement Cost (%)   #19    
  Reduction in Annual NOx/ROG/PM10 emissions (tons/year)   #7    
  Percent Reduction in Air Emissions     #7    
  Air Quality Cost Effectiveness ($/ton)     #13 #14 #33  
  Return to Top      
     
  Footnotes    
  Replace the Existing Engine with a New Engine Tier 3 (Engine Repower)   #1 #2 #16  
  New Engine Horsepower     #9    
  Total Cost to Purchase and Install the New Tier 3 Engine ($)   #17    
  Repower Cost Compared to Equipment Replacement Cost (%)   #19    
  Reduction in Annual NOx/ROG/PM10 emissions (tons/year)   #7    
  Percent Reduction in Air Emissions     #7    
  Air Quality Cost Effectiveness ($/ton)     #13 #14 #33  
  Install a Diesel Exhaust Filter (Filter Retrofit)   #1 #2 #20  
  % Reduction in PM10     #21    
  % Reduction in NOx     #21    
  % Reduction in ROG     #21    
  Total Cost to Purchase and Install the Filter ($)     #22    
  Reduction in Annual NOx/ROG/PM10 emissions (tons/year)   #23    
  Air Quality Cost Effectiveness ($/ton)     #13 #14 #33  
  Use a 20% Biodiesel/ 80% Diesel Fuel Blend - B20 Biodiesel   #1 #2 #24  
  B20 Biodiesel vs. Regular Diesel Cost (% increase)     #25    
    Increase in annual fuel cost ($/year)     #26    
  Reduction in Annual CO2 emissions (tons/year)     #26    
  Percent Reduction in Fossil CO2 emissions     #8    
  GHG Cost Effectiveness ($/ton)     #27    
  Return to Top      
     
  Footnotes    
  Use a 99% Biodiesel/ 1% Diesel Fuel Blend - B99 Biodiesel   #1 #2 #24  
  B99 Biodiesel vs. Regular Diesel Cost (% increase)     #25    
    Increase in annual fuel cost ($/year)     #26    
  Reduction in Annual CO2 emissions (tons/year)     #26    
  Percent Reduction in Fossil CO2 emissions     #8    
  GHG Cost Effectiveness ($/ton)     #27    
  Fuel Saving Agricultural Practices   #1 #2 #28  
    Type of Fuel Savings Measure to be Implemented     #28    
  Anticipated Increase in Fuel Efficiency (%)     #29    
  Annual Cost to Implement the Fuel Efficiency Measure ($)   #30    
  Annual Fuel Savings ($/year)     #31    
  Reduction in Annual NOx/ROG/PM10 emissions (tons/year)   #32    
  Air Quality Cost Effectiveness ($/ton)     #13    
  Reduction in Annual CO2 emissions (tons/year)     #8    
  GHG Cost Effectiveness ($/ton)     #27    
 
        Return to Top      ©2012 Direct Path Strategies, Inc.  
     
  → Back to Step 1   Need to know more about your equipment upgrade options?
Contact Direct Path Strategies, Inc. at info@DPstrategies.com
We can help you select the most cost effective upgrade options, analyze your farm energy use, and recommend fuel savings and renewable energy measures.
 
   
  → Back to Step 2    
   
  → Back to Step 3    
 
   
  Footnotes (Important Details and Limitations About Each Equipment Upgrade Option)  
 
#1. This Screening Tool is intended to provide general information on the cost-effectiveness and pollution reduction associated with equipment upgrade options. Before making any investment on an equipment upgrade you should check with your equipment dealer to (a) confirm that the upgrade is feasible and suitable for your equipment, (b) that the upgrade option will not adversely impact the equipment warranty or performance, and (c) obtain appropriate design considerations and a firm price quote for the purchase and installation.

 
  #2. Your selection of any equipment upgrade options shall be based on your own investigation of the cost and suitability of the upgrade, and not on any representations made by this Screening Tool, Direct Path Strategies, Inc. or its Officers, employees or agents, Monterey County, Santa Cruz County, or San Benito County, or their employees, Board Members or agents, or Monterey Bay Unified APCD, or its employees, Board Members or agents.

 
  #3. If the existing engine emissions Tier was not specified, it is estimated using engine horsepower and year of manufacturer, and requires confirmation from your equipment dealer. As there are some emissions Tier deviations from normal age and HP classes, the actual emissions Tier should be confirmed by your equipment dealer.

 
  #4. Engine use load factors are based on 2011 Carl Moyer Program Guidelines (CMPG), Table D-10 (partial listing).

 
  #5. Horsepower-hours based on load factor, reported rated horsepower, and reported annual hours of use.

 
  #6. Estimated fuel use rate and annual fuel use are based on CMPG, Table D-24.

 
  #7. Annual NOx/ROG/PM10 emissions and emission reductions calculated per CMPG, including Table D-11 and D-12 emission factors. Emissions reductions are calculated as the difference between the existing equipment emissions and the replacement equipment emissions. (If the emissions reduction value is negative, it means the upgraded equipment has higher calculated emissions than the existing equipment. This is usually caused by specifying a larger horsepower for the upgraded equipment than for the existing equipment.)

 
  #8. Annual CO2 emissions and emission reductions based on calculated fuel use and a fossil fuel combustion emission factor of 10.15 kg CO2 per gallon.

 
  #9. If new engine horsepower is not specified, it is assumed to be the same as existing engine. 

 
  #10. As Tier 3 engines were phased out in 2010-2011, replacement equipment with a Tier 3 engine may be slightly used.

 
  #11. If the new equipment purchase price was not specified, for agricultural tractors the price was estimated based on approximate values for an average basic John Deere Tractor of similar horsepower.  The replacement price for your tractor may be substantially higher or lower than estimated.  For other kinds of equipment, if the purchase price was not specified, the results indicate "Costs Needed". To improve the accuracy of the Screening Tool results, enter a Dealer provided price for replacement equipment similar to your existing equipment.

 
  #12. New equipment amortized purchase cost includes principal plus interest on a 15 year loan for 80% of the equipment purchase price, at 3.875% annual interest. Cost comparison is subject to limitations indicated for equipment purchase price. If the annual maintenance cost was not specified, then ratio of purchase price to maintenance cost is not listed (shown as N.A.).

 
  #13. Air Quality Cost Effectiveness (CE) for NOx/ROG/PM10 emission reductions  calculated per CMPG. Note that the CMPG calculations provide for a 20x weighting of PM10 emissions in determining CE. Per CMPG CE calculations, the following costs are used: 80% of the purchase price for equipment replacements, 80% of the purchase and installation price for Tier 2 Repowers, 85% of the purchase and installation price for Tier 3 Repowers, and 100% of the purchase and installation costs for a Diesel Exhaust Filter retrofit. Assumed project life is 10 years for equipment replacements, 7 years for engine repowers, and 5 years for diesel exhaust filter retrofits. (If the value is negative, it means the upgraded equipment has higher calculated emissions than the existing equipment.)

  #14. Air Quality Cost Effectiveness (CE) equal to or less than $17,000 may be eligible for a CMPG grant (or other similar grant). The $17,000 CE threshold is the approximate CE value for 2012 for Carl Moyer program. Other grants may have different CE thresholds. By reducing the percent of the total purchase price funded by the grant (e.g. increasing the owner contribution), the CE and grant eligibility can be improved.

 
  #15. Tier 4-Final engines become available in 2013-2015, depending on engine horsepower. Estimated projected purchase price for equipment with Tier 4-Final engines is uncertain.

 
  #16. Your equipment dealer can advise you if this equipment can be repowered with a replacement Tier 2 or Tier 3 engine.Note that farm tractors with structural block engines cannot normally be repowered. If a replacement engine was specified as "None Available", then the Repower is listed as Not Recommended.

  #17. If the engine repower cost was not specified, it was estimated based on approximate values for an average standard Tractor repower of similar horsepower.  The repower cost for your equipment may be substantially higher or lower than estimated. To improve the accuracy of the Screening Tool results, enter a Dealer provided price to repower your existing equipment.

 
  #18. Tier 4-Interim emission factors based on "4-Phase-Out" values for 75 HP and greater.  NOx+NMHC standards are assumed to be 95% NOx and 5% ROG.

 
  #19. The repower cost as a percentage of the cost to purchase replacement equipment with at Tier 3 engine is provided. This cost comparison is subject to limitations indicated for both the repower cost and the equipment purchase price. If the cost for Tier 3 replacement equipment are not listed, then the percentage value indicates "Replacement Costs Needed".

 
  #20. Diesel exhaust filters may not be available for all equipment. Your equipment dealer can advise you if this equipment can be retrofit with an exhaust filter. High efficiency diesel particulate filters (DPFs) cannot normally be installed on Tier 0 equipment due to excessive levels of particulate emissions. If the existing engine is Tier 0, a diesel exhaust filter with a PM10 removal efficiency over 35% is listed as "Not Recommended".

 
  #21. If the PM10 removal efficiency of the diesel exhaust filter was not specified, a removal efficiency of 85% is assumed. If the NOx or ROG removal efficiency of the diesel exhaust filter was not specified, a removal efficiency of 0% is assumed.

 
  #22. If the cost of the diesel exhaust filter was not specified, an estimated cost based on an 85% efficient DPF is assumed. The cost of a diesel exhaust filter for this equipment may be substantially higher or lower than estimated. To improve the accuracy of the Screening Tool results, enter a Dealer provided price for a diesel exhaust filter and the associated pollutant removal efficiencies.

 
  #23. The annual reduction in pollutant emissions is based on the existing equipment emissions levels and pollutant removal efficiencies, and is subject to limitations associated with these values.

 
  #24. The use of biodiesel fuels in your equipment may not be recommended by the engine manufacturer, and could void the warranty for some engines. Your equipment dealer can advise you on the compatibility of biodiesel fuel for your engine. Many engine manufacturers authorized the use a 20% biodiesel / 80% diesel fuel blend.

 
  #25. If the cost of offroad (red) diesel was not specified, a cost of $4.00 per gallon was assumed.

 
  #26. If the increase in cost for biodiesel was not specified, a 14% cost increase over regular diesel was assumed for a B20 and an 23% cost increase was assumed for B99. (If the value is negative, it means the cost entered for biodiesel was less than the cost for regular diesel).

 
  #27. Biodiesel fuel blend GHG cost effectiveness is calculated based on the incremental annual increase in fuel cost for biodiesel compared to red diesel, divided by the annual reduction in fossil CO2 emissions. Fuel saving agricultural practices GHG cost effectiveness is calculated based on the incremental annual increase in cost for fuel saving practice, divided by the annual reduction in fossil CO2 emissions.

 
  #28. Many fuel saving agricultural practices, such as reduced tillage or installation of GPS navigation systems, can be implemented. If a fuel savings practice was selected then the results of that practice are shown. If you would like to consider opportunities for fuel savings from modified agricultural practices or fuel efficient equipment retofits, enter the type of fuel savings practice at Step 3, along with the characteristics of the fuel savings practice. Grant funding may be available for some fuel saving practices.

 
  #29. If the anticipated improvement in fuel economy was not specified for the selected fuel savings measure, a 15% improvement was assumed for low-tillage and a 5% improvement was assumed for GPS systems, C.V. Transmissions and Other measures. The fuel economy improvement for your equipment may be substantially higher or lower than estimated. For other fuel savings measures, you should enter the estimated improvement in fuel economy.  To improve the accuracy of the Screening Tool results, enter a Dealer provided estimate that considers your specific equipment and operations.

 
  #30. The annual cost to implement a selected fuel savings measure is calculated based on specified annual operating costs plus specified annual purchase costs, amortized over a 10 year project life. If no costs were specified, then the cost factors for the fuel savings measure are stated as not available.

 
  #31. The annual fuel savings for a selected fuel savings measure is calculated based the existing equipment fuel use, the improvement in fuel economy, and the cost of offroad (red) diesel specified under the biodiesel section.

 
  #32. For fuel savings measures, the annual NOx/ROG/PM reductions are assumed to be proportional to the improvement in fuel economy.

 
  #33. Grant funding for stationary and portable diesel agricultural equipment, such as diesel irrigation pumps, is often limited by State rules. Grant funding is not normally provided for (1) equipment repowers that would already be required by State emissions control regulations, (2) equipment repowers using Tier 2 engines, nor (3) entire replacement of the equipment with newer diesel equipment.

 
 
  Return to Top   ©2012 Direct Path Strategies, Inc.    info@DPStrategies.com